With more than seven million people in need of assistance, the South Sudanese humanitarian crisis remains one of the largest in the world. The compounded effects of seven years of conflict have made local communities extremely fragile, with displacement being both a driver and a consequence of increased vulnerability. Over four million South Sudanese have had to flee their homes, two million of whom have crossed international borders. While 2018 brought hope with the revitalization of the peace agreement signed in September, peace remains fragile and humanitarian needs are unlikely to recede in the foreseeable future.
It is in this complex environment that ACTED strives to support conflict-affected communities through holistic relief and recovery programmes to meet basic needs as well as support social and economic reconstruction.
Adapting to disasters and preparing for transition
In a context of protracted crisis, ACTED advocates for flexible approaches offering both emergency relief but also acknowledging the potential for stabilisation and early recovery within communities. ACTED’s teams provide emergency food, shelter and WASH assistance to affected populations in and outside camps in seven out of the 10 legacy states of South Sudan. The organisation also invests in long-term programmes to boost local productive capacity by restoring livelihoods and reconnecting markets. Through the Agro Pastoral Field School (APFS) approach, ACTED provided agricultural inputs, livestock vaccines, trainings and mentoring to farming and pastoral communities to not only improve food security levels but also offer tools to stabilise areas economically. By identifying lead farmers in each group, new practices such as ox-ploughing are gradually introduced through a ‘learning-by-doing’ approach. APFS are also a catalyst for add-on activities such as the introduction of saving and loan associations through which entrepreneurs and farmers can access capital to launch or reinforce their businesses.
A reactive approach to displacement
Amongst the two million people internally displaced in South Sudan, around 80% are living outside of camps, collective centres and formal settlements. This 80% comprises some of the most vulnerable individuals in the country: people leaving their homes and belongings on short notice and arriving in often unknown, remote, hard-to-reach locations with little access to assistance other than the generosity of their hosting communities – if present. Acknowledging the disparity in humanitarian assistance targeted to Protection of Civilian Sites (POCs) and other formal settlements, ACTED launched mobile Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) responses to assist those displaced out of camps. At the core of the mobile approach is the strengthening of local structures to ensure better site management, service provision coordination and advocate for improved coverage of the needs of people displaced in both out-of-camp and informal settlements.
Emergency needs response in South Sudan through better informed rapid emergency response deployments
Provision of CCCM mobile services and capacity building, food security and livelihoods assistance, emergency shelter and non-food items to IDPs, returnees and host community members in urgent humanitarian need
CCCM-led static and mobile multi-sectorial responses to displacement-affected populations, and humanitarian information and coordination services
REACH: Improved availability of information on the situation in hard-to-reach areas of South Sudan
Distribution of crop seeds and emergency livelihood kits to support 1,000 Households in Western Equatoria State
General Food Distribution and Blanket Supplementary Feeding Programme in Upper Nile State
Food distributions, Blanket Supplementary Feeding and Food Assistance for Assets in Western Bar-El-Ghazal State
Improving access to WASH services, promoting livelihoods and economic inclusion
Supply Chain Analysis, Price Monitoring and Development of Monitoring Tools (REACH) in Multi-State States
General Food Distribution and Blanket Supplementary Feeding Programme, Food for Assets and Cash-Based Transfer in Jonglei State
Conditional Cash-Based Transfer (CCBT-E.voucher) in Lakes States
Improving Food Availability, Market Access and a Regenerative Environment through Modern Agricultural Practices in Akobo
Improving short-term and long-term food availability in Maridi through investment in food production assets and local capacities
Establishing a WASH knowledge ecosystem through WASH cluster and development partner capacity building, coordinated assessments and enhanced information management