ACTED opened its mission in the Central African Republic (CAR) in 2007 in response to internal violence in the country. ACTED teams are mobilized in Ouham Pendé, Ouaka, Basse Kotto, Mbomou, Haut Mbomou as well as in Bangui to provide emergency relief to the most vulnerable, support displaced populations and to strengthen the resilience of populations and local authorities. Rapid response mechanisms to emergencies are currently deployed in CAR as well as integrated support programming for the sustainable return of displaced persons, and resilience building.
In 2013, the Central African Republic (CAR) faced an unprecedented military and political crisis. Agricultural production in CAR has since fallen and 30% of the population is food insecure. The population has limited access to medical care as well as benefits from poor water and sanitation infrastructure. With dramatic consequences: 2.9 millions of people are ine need for humanitarian aid and 1.8 millions suffer from food insecurity. CAR is ranked second to last in the human development index (HDI).
While the situation has started improving in 2016, late 2017 was unfortunately marked by an upsurge in violence between armed groups in the North and South of the country. Conflict- affected populations usually flee towards areas deemed safe, where they stay until the situation stabilizes, with waiting time that can be anywhere from a few days to, in some cases, a few years. These safe areas are often rural regions with limited facilities to support displaced populations.
In July 2019, approximately 595000 persons were internally displaced in CAR. The regular tensions increase the already important needs of local communities. Access to shelter, water, hygiene, sanitation and education as well as food security and livelihood issues are daily challenges for these populations. In addition, an Ebola epidemy broke out and is finally officially recognist by the World Health Organization.
ACTED has been present in the CAR since 2007, implementing programs that not only respond to the country’s humanitarian emergencies, but also provide support to communities and the local authorities in initiating long-term sustainable development. The NGO is mobilized throughout 6 provinces : Ouham Pendé, Ouaka, Basse Kotto, Mbomou, Haut Mbomou and Bangui.
ACTED’s programme strategy in CAR is based on the following 3 approaches:
Emergency food security response to the most vulnerable displaced, returnee and host households in Lower Kotto and Rafai
Direct distribution of vegetable seeds and agricultural tools
Creation of a humanitarian hub in Zémio
Creating a humanitarian hub in Zémio
Service of an implementing partner for the implementation of the reintegration of ex-combatants in Bouar, Koui and Bangui
Relaunch of a vocational training centre in Bria
Emergency food security support for vulnerable populations in Haut-Mbomou affected by population movements
Co-animation du groupe sécurité alimentaire
Brigade d’Intervention Mobile : Restaurer l’accès humanitaire aux populations affectées par les crises dans la préfecture du Mbomou
Integrated emergency support in WASH, shelter and NFI for returnees from Zémio and co-facilitation of the education cluster
Education Cannot Wait Facilitated Multi-Year Resilience Programme 2019 – 2021
REACH Initiative: Strengthening needs assessment to support coordination and humanitarian response in the Central African Republic
Service of an implementing partner for the implementation of the reintegration of ex-combatants (PREC) in the prefectures of Ouham Pendé (Koui), Mambere (Bouar), Vakaga (Birao) and Haute Kotto (Bria) in CAR
Rapid Response Mechanism 8 in CAR
Back Home – Supporting the return of vulnerable IDPs through integrated support after widespread destruction
Appui intégré au développement des filières agropastorales porteuses pour la croissance et l’emploi (AID-FAPCE)
Integrated support for the development of agro-pastoral sectors that are conducive to growth and employment (AID-FAPCE)
Emergency food distribution for cross border refugees, IDPs and host populations along the Mbomou and Ubangi Rivers
Supporting and sustaining returns to Bangui
Emergency support to high malnutrition localities in Mbomou