While the country is often considered more stable than its neighbors, the Republic of Congo faces latent political tensions, natural disasters and structural inequalities that affect the population. The country’s economic dependence on its oil resources makes its future development all the more vulnerable. Despite the country’s vast arable land, access to food remains a real challenge. Only 2% of the country’s arable land is cultivated and covers only 30% of the country’s food needs. Nationally, one in five children is chronically malnourished. Flooding, often concentrated in the departments of Likouala, Cuvette, Sangha and Plateaux, is also a major source of internal displacement, as are cyclical droughts and epidemics. While crises are localized, emergency response and support to development initiatives are needed throughout the country to meet the multiple needs of the population.
Opened in 1997, the mission in the Republic of Congo is ACTED’s first on the African continent. ACTED intervenes in development activities in post-crisis contexts, while seeking to remain flexible to provide an emergency response when necessary. Through interventions promoting access to water, hygiene and sanitation and non-food items, fighting for protection and prevention and control of infections, ACTED’s action in the Republic of Congo is characterized by a dynamic linking emergency, rehabilitation and development efforts.
ACTED’s main areas of intervention to date are improving access to water, hygiene and sanitation, supporting livelihoods and providing access to non-food items. ACTED is rehabilitating water points, building emergency latrines, distributing hand washing stations as well as PCI and NFI kits. To ensure the sustainability of these infrastructures, ACTED has created, trained and equipped management committees to ensure their maintenance. In addition to these construction activities, the teams conduct awareness-raising activities aimed at teaching good water management, waterborne disease prevention and hygiene.
In order to give communities the means to ensure their resilience and to provide for their households, ACTED trains its beneficiaries in the best techniques for market gardening, food crops and fishing activities. In addition to these trainings, distributions of seeds, food and fishing kits accompany these activities. These activities of agricultural revival and support to fishing activities allow the revitalization of the local socio-economic fabric, the reinforcement of the inter-community cooperation and thus the perpetuation of peace.