Combining emergency assistance and mid-term solutions to build host communities’ and refugees’ resilience
ACTED delivers support responding simultaneously to emergency and development needs through a community driven approach which focuses on engagement and capacity building of local civil society and local authorities, with the aim of promoting accountable governance and civic engagement. Through this support, ACTED’s strategy in Lebanon aims to bring the most vulnerable Lebanese and refugee households to minimum living standards, while working towards sustainable improvement of local communities’ coping capacity. In addition, REACH programme serves as an important information hub in Lebanon, supporting different stakeholders through mapping and sector-specific assessments.
Emergency assistance benefitting both vulnerable refugees and host households
Vulnerable urban communities in Beirut and Mount Lebanon, comprising of both Syrian refugees and Lebanese households, suffer from sub-standard sanitary conditions, inadequate access to safe drinking water and lack of access to income generation, leading to negative coping mechanisms. ACTED’s social media campaign, hygiene promotion sessions and related distributions benefited 62,000 households in Beirut and Mount Lebanon, and contributed to raising awareness on hygiene matters to avoid diseases and promote dignity. Moreover, ACTED has provided water, sanitation, and shelter support to over 1,300 households and supported over 18 committees. Additionally, ACTED has provided multi-purpose cash assistance worth over 1.18 million USD to 2,500 families through the Lebanon Cash Consortium.
Towards improved resilience of vulnerable communities through infrastructure projects
Several community-level projects targeted 44,175 individuals through solid waste management, recycling, construction of communal water tanks, etc. ACTED has also built a 1,000 m3 water reservoir in the region of Ghazir that grants access to safe drinking water to 7,600 individuals from the surrounding villages that suffered from water scarcity, especially during summer months. In 2015, ACTED has started implementing a project in Akkar where it is rehabilitating more than 10 kilometers of water transmission line, benefitting 23,000 individuals. This project contributes in building the resilience of host communities hosting a high number of Syrian refugees, thus promoting social cohesion.
Building resilience of 200 women in Jbeil
ACTED has implemented a women empowerment project in the region of Jbeil where 200 vulnerable Lebanese and Syrian women have been assisted. Vocational trainings and information sessions have been conducted on protection issues, health, nutrition, hygiene and sewing techniques as well as in-kind support allowing them to have additional income generation opportunities. Beneficiaries received a certificate during a graduation ceremony where local authorities and ACTED representatives were present. The beneficiaries have gained access to an income-generating activity like sewing clothes or blankets for sell, and will thus be able to buy basic goods (food, hygiene materials, medicine, etc.).
Improving coping capacities for both host and refugee communities in 2016
With the Syrian conflict in its sixth year, ACTED is now facing an increasingly challenging environment in Lebanon. To ensure relevance in the Lebanese context, humanitarian responses will continue to consider both the country’s pre-crisis situation, and the impact of the protracted nature of the Syrian crisis on local populations, especially the heavy burdens arising from the influx of refugees. ACTED’s strategy will therefore be to complement humanitarian assistance with long-term development interventions, aiming at improving the coping capacities and resilience of both target populations. In addition, REACH will continue to serve as an information hub, supporting humanitarian and development actors through data collection, mapping and assessments to inform interventions.
Qattine-Ghazir reservoir benefitting more than 7,600 individuals
The ACTED-built reservoir in Qattine-Ghazir is now managed and operated by the Establishment of the water of Beirut and Mount Lebanon (EEBML) and benefits almost 7,600 individuals living in Keserwane District. Losses of water have thus been addressed and the population of Ghazir now has access to water for cooking, washing and cleaning. ACTED teams have also been conducting household level sessions with the local Lebanese and Syrian families to raise awareness on the importance of water conservation. During these sessions, ACTED has been distributing water efficient showerheads, which decrease the water used during a shower from 30 liters to 9 liters per minute.
Placing target communities at the heart of emergency response interventions
In 2015, ACTED engaged with humanitarian stakeholders to ensure the cost-effectiveness of activities, notably through increased reliance on cash assistance, which has proven an effective delivery mechanism, as well as improved targeting of the most vulnerable communities and households. Strengthening the capacity of Lebanese civil society and local authorities to jointly tackle key community concerns, including service provision and income generation, has also become an increasingly critical means of addressing the impact of the Syrian crisis in Lebanon. Finally, ensuring community participation in the delivery and coordination of assistance allowed for more effective interventions, as well as improved protection of refugees by addressing rising social tensions.
Partners in 2015:
UK Department for International Development (DFID), European Commission Humanitarian Aid & Civil Protection (ECHO), European Commission Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (FAO), French Centre de Crise (CdC), HIVOS, Ministère français des Affaires Etrangères et du Développement International (MAEDI), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
28/04/2015 ACTED LEBANON COMMUNITY PROJECT CATALOGUE
28/04/2015 LABOUR MARKET ASSESSMENT REPORT
Beirut and Mount Lebanon Labour Market Assessment Report: this assessment aimed at gaining an understanding of employment and labor market trends in Beirut and Mount Lebanon to inform market-based livelihoods programming. It was conducted through interviews with Lebanese economic or sector experts, as well as over 40 business owners, and employees and job seekers from among over 385 households in Beirut and Mount Lebanon. Specifically, this report presents findings in relation to 1) employment trends of Syrian and Lebanese households; 2) barriers to employment; and 3) potential opportunities to promote access to employment.
14/05/2014 LATEST REPORT
In the beginning of April, the number of refugees fleeing the Syrian crisis into neighboring Lebanon surpassed 1 million. The pressure on the already fragile resources of the country is increaseing, and there is an urgent need to support both Syrian refugees and Lebanese host communities.
For the support to be efficient, it is important to first define precisely what the concrete needs are. ACTED teams conducted an assessment in their main areas of intervention, Beirut and northern Mount Lebanon, to provide an overview of the humanitarian needs faced by vulnerable populations, both Syrian refugees and Lebanese families.
Findings are based on household surveys, a series of semi-structured focus group discussions and key informant interviews, as well as by a set of program monitoring and evaluation studies.
Download and read the full assessment report here:
What did it reveal?
The assessment reveals that the lack of financial resources combined with the ever-increasing cost of living in Beirut and Mount Lebanon are the root causes of many challenges faced by refugees, especially bad living conditions (in terms of protection, health and hygiene).
The report also shows the high level of vulnerability of the local population, and how important it is to engage with local authorities to address the impact of the population increase on basic service provision.
Download the brochure about ACTED's response to the Syrian refugees crisis in Lebanon here :