Strengthening the resilience of the most vulnerable populations and institutions
Haiti remains one of the most disaster-prone countries. The drought that struck the country in 2015 exacerbated the water and food security-related issues. In addition to exposure to climatic hazards, a cholera epidemic is raging since October 2010, as well as environmental, political and socioeconomic problems. While the country is engaged in a development phase, ACTED continues to reinforce civil society, to fight against cholera and to improve water management while developing innovative initiatives in the sanitation field.
Fighting cholera with the authorities and the humanitarian actors
Given the persistence of the cholera epidemic, ACTED, in close cooperation with the Civil Protection Department, the National Department of Clean Water and Sanitation and all humanitarian actors, continued to respond to emergencies by mobilizing joint mobile teams within 24 hours following an alert. In parallel, ACTED worked in consultation with authorities and the population towards strengthening institutional and community monitoring and response capacities, through trainings in the West, Artibonite, Grand’Anse and South departments.
Fostering access to clean water and promoting community sanitation
Our teams intervened daily with communities and local authorities to sensitize and train them to best hygiene and sanitation practices. ACTED also identified the needs in terms of better access to water and rehabilitated, protected or built clean water infrastructures. In 2015, ACTED initiated a pilot project for durable community sanitation, respectful of the people, the environment, and manual emptying operators who are exposed to daily discrimination because of the nature of their profession. This pilot project contributes to improving the working conditions and techniques of these operators while reducing health and environmental risks related to excreta management and promoting their usage.
Supporting local development initiatives carried out by civil society
In 2015, ACTED and its local partner Haitian Council of Non-State Actors (CONHANE) continued to support civil society in the Artibonite Department, after working in the North. Together they initiated a socio-economic development project aiming at developing the potential of community-based organizations (CBOs) to promote inclusive growth by strengthening their organizational capacities and supporting their role in local governance. To accompany CBOs, ACTED leads identification, assembly in CBOs platforms and training activities, and works towards reinforcing their participation in defining public policies.
Ensuring a response capacity to natural and health disasters while strengthening the resilience of populations to climate change
In 2016, ACTED supervised reflections on Risk and Disaster Management. This led to the Transitional Appeal for Haiti, which has established the foundations of sustainable development programming through a large scale participatory planning process. In line with the identified priorities for 2016, ACTED will remain mobilized against cholera, while providing better access to drinking water, community sanitation and reproductive health, as well as for climate change related risks and disaster preparedness and reduction. ACTED will also work toward socio-economic development of communities.
Emergency response to tackle the cholera outbreak in Dame Marie
In July 2015, a cholera outbreak was reported in Dame Marie. ACTED intervened to encourage people to visit health facilities, as well as set up an emergency unit. The number patients treated immediately increased. Our teams organized training courses for cleaning operative and guards, implemented a ‘‘patient circuit’’ and built a wastewater disposal system. The cholera outbreak was controlled in less than two weeks. During this period, ACTED facilitated access to health care for 122 people, ensured access to drinking water for 1,500 people, set up 6 chlorination points and sensitized over 20,000 people.
For more information:
Partenaires en 2015
Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo (AECID), Inter-American Development Bank (BID), Direction Nationale de l’Eau Potable et de l’Assainissement (DINEPA) – Haïti, European Commission Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO), Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), United Nations Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF)