Supporting displaced communities in Darfur to access basic services
In 2014, ACTED in Sudan concentrated on the provision of vital support to displaced communities. Operations have focused on the Central Darfur region, and have aimed primarily at the provision of vital services, such as WASH and energy to Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) fleeing prolonged conflict in the area. ACTED has continued to work within IDP settings to support those most in need of assistance, through the promotion of access to water and sanitation services, and training on best practices in hygiene. In addition, ACTED has supported women and children to safely access energy through studies to understand firewood collection practices and energy uses.
Enhancing water access, sanitation and hygiene for IDPs
ACTED has been working in Zalingei IDP camp in Darfur since 2007. The region has experienced a protracted crisis since 2004, which has resulted in significant population displacement, while undermining people’s access to basic services. ACTED’s activities in the camp aim to improve the water supply and sanitation services available to IDPs, while also enhancing water, sanitation and hygiene behaviours. The provision of these services to displaced people is particularity important, in light of the vulnerability of their position. ACTED supported activities that included the provision of training to vulnerable community members, the provision of vital hygiene kits and the construction of household latrines.
Supporting access to sustainable energy in Zalingei camp
ACTED has provided support to vulnerable population in Hamedia Camp, Zalingei to safely access sustainable sources of energy. In the IDP camps in Zalingei, firewood is the main energy source used for cooking. However, the collection of this resource has proved to be extremely dangerous for women, who are often in charge of this task. Women are regularly subjected to harassment and gender based violence during their trips. In addition, firewood scarcity has forced women to travel further in order to be able to cook for their families. This has also significantly impacted the food security of families. As a result, ACTED undertook a study to understand the current food security, vulnerability and energy practices of IDPs in the camp. The study found that access to training on good cooking methods and the provision of alternative energy sources would greatly support the community support food security. The introduction of fuel efficient stoves and briquettes was found to be the best way to decrease the use of firewood, while also offering an alternative income generating activity for vulnerable households.
Enhancing the resilience of IDPs through service provision
In 2015, ACTED is looking to build on past successes in the provision of WASH services and support to IDPs, through increased activities that support the rights and services offered to IDPs throughout Sudan. Despite difficulties in gaining access to many of the most vulnerable communities, ACTED is committed to supporting those displaced within Sudan as pursue their lives in security, and with dignity. Activities that improve access to water, hygiene and enhance food security will be the primary focus of ACTED’s programmes in the region.