Emergency relief and supporting the return of CAR crisis-affected populations
After the December 2013 crisis, 2014 was once again marked by an escalating number of conflicts, exactions and reprisals between armed groups throughout most of the territory, leading to massive movements of population. The capital, Bangui, has not been spared: since the attack led on December 5th 2013, thousands of displaced people are still living in precarious camps where they have been relocated in the city. In response to this severe humanitarian crisis, ACTED continued to implement assessments and emergency interventions, whilst also supporting the return and recovery of vulnerable populations in Bangui and in rural areas, when security allowed it.
Emergency interventions to help crisis-affected populations
As part of the Rapid Response Mechanism, ACTED has led several emergency evaluations in the South-Eastern part of the country, and has provided thousands of people, mostly IDPs (Internally Displaced Populations), with food and non-food items to respond to essential and urgent needs. In Bangui, ACTED’s activities have focused on collective shelter-related and mostly WASH-related needs, so as to avoid a tragic and large-scale health crisis. All year long and in close coordination with other actors, ACTED implemented waste collection, sanitary facility construction/maintenance, and hygiene promotion activities.
Supporting the return of populations, a complex and crucial process for the Central African Republic
To support IDPs voluntarily returning to their now stabilized villages or districts of origin, ACTED has developed integrated programmes in Bangui and in the countryside, which include different sectors of intervention such as the revival of the agricultural sector, housing reconstruction, community reconciliation, vocational training, market stimulation and job creation. Early recovery projects targeting IDPs, returnees and host communities – and especially at-risk youth – have been implemented, particularly through large-scale community cash for work activities.
Building resilience in stabilized but vulnerable areas
Thanks to their isolation or improved security, some of the prefectures where ACTED intervenes throughout the country have been spared from crisis or have stabilized in 2014. Both in the East and the West, ACTED has conducted capacity-building programmes, to develop vulnerable populations’ resilience, by providing support to agricultural production, breeding, education, access to water and economic revival, as well as basic community infrastructure construction. Despite this effort, available assessment reports and data demonstrate severe food insecurity and a climate of vulnerability and persistent tensions across most of the country.
Return and stabilisation perspectives in a volatile context in 2015
As of February 2015, over 430,000 IDPs were still living in host families or in one of the hundred camps across the country. Hundreds of thousands of refugees still live in neighbouring countries. Despite the presence of international forces, assistance, logistics and security challenges are still numerous and the humanitarian space is shrinking. In 2015, ACTED will focus on integrated activities supporting IDP and refugee return, housing and community infrastructure reconstruction, economic and agricultural revival, as well as transitional recovery activities, and support to local governance and humanitarian coordination.
Partners in 2014:
Ambassade de France, Banque Mondiale, Centre de Crise, Direction Générale de l'Aide Humanitaire et de la Protection Civile (ECHO), EuropeAid, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Haut Commissariat des Nations unies pour les Réfugiés (HCR), Integrated Community Development International (ICDI), Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), Programme Alimentaire Mondial (PAM), Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUD), UNICEF, Ville de Paris