From emergency to reconstruction, in the context of multifaceted humanitarian crisis
The already critical humanitarian situation in the Central African Republic was severely exacerbated by the protracted political-military crisis since the crisis started in December 2013. In January 2015, 438,538 people were still internally displaced. Within the year 2015, reprisals between armed groups have led to further displacements. ACTED’s response focused on emergency, support to return processes and early recovery. In September, a new wave of violence erupted in the country. ACTED scaled up emergency interventions, especially in the IDP sites in Bangui, where over 20,000 new people found refuge.
Emergency actions to meet the most urgent needs
Throughout the year, ACTED ensured humanitarian monitoring in the South-Eastern part of the country, which allowed the implementation of 24 emergency interventions, providing 60,795 people with non-food items enabling them to meet their immediate needs. In Bangui, emergency activities focused on shelter, food security, hygiene and sanitation needs in IDP sites. ACTED also rehabilitated 70 road infrastructures in order to allow for the access of humanitarian aid to the most landlocked areas in the country.
Support for returning: A key and multifaceted essential support in Central African Republic
ACTED developed multi sectorial programmes aiming at accompanying voluntary and durable return of internally displaced people in their home villages or neighbourhoods. These programmes include agricultural recovery, reconstruction of homes, community reconciliation, professional training, revitalization of markets and job creation. In particular, ACTED supported 1,000 households to restore agricultural activities, rehabilitated 1,057 homes and conducted professional training for 14,080 beneficiaries in 2015. Furthermore, early recovery projects targeting mostly youth at risk were implemented through paid community service activities, benefitting 7,387 direct beneficiaries and their families.
Building resilience in stabilised but vulnerable areas
Because they are landlocked or secured, some intervention areas in the country got stabilised in 2015, especially in the South-Eastern part of the country. ACTED conducted programmes aiming at reinforcing resilience of vulnerable people by supporting agricultural production, livestock, education, access to water or economic recovery. This was coupled with the construction or rehabilitation of basic community infrastructures – including 30 schools, 18 health centres and 3,000 water points and latrines – as well as social cohesion promotion activities, reaching 4,276 beneficiaries.
Return and stabilisation perspectives in 2016 within a volatile environment
In February 2016, over 451,000 people were still internally displaced, within host communities and in a hundred sites throughout the country. Despite the presence of international forces, assistance, logistic and security issues remain, and needs are enormous. For ACTED, 2016 will be dedicated to support activities to help displaced people return, rehabilitation of homes and community infrastructures, economic and agricultural recovery and support to local governance and humanitarian coordination. ACTED will stand by to adapt its activities in case a new crisis affects the country.
Stimulate neighbourhoods of Bangui through rehabilitation of homes
ACTED is positioned as a pioneer for reconstruction of houses in the Central African capital for almost two years, to respond to important needs and to displaced people’s will to return to Bangui. In 2015, ACTED rehabilitated 850 homes for displaced people willing to return to the third district of Bangui, which has been the most crisis and displacements-affected district. ACTED uses a participative method: beneficiaries rehabilitate their home themselves thanks to tools and materials distribution, training and technical support to reconstruction. ACTED gives additional support to the most vulnerable in terms of workforce and ensures daily presence on the field to motivate the beneficiaries and follow-up in their advancement.
Return and stabilisation perspectives in a volatile context in 2015
As of February 2015, over 430,000 IDPs were still living in host families or in one of the hundred camps across the country. Hundreds of thousands of refugees still live in neighbouring countries. Despite the presence of international forces, assistance, logistics and security challenges are still numerous and the humanitarian space is shrinking. In 2015, ACTED will focus on integrated activities supporting IDP and refugee return, housing and community infrastructure reconstruction, economic and agricultural revival, as well as transitional recovery activities, and support to local governance and humanitarian coordination.
Partners in 2015:
Agence d’Exécution des Travaux d’Intérêt Public contre le sous-emploi (AGETIP) – République Centrafricaine, Agence Française de Développement (AFD), Direction Générale de l'Aide Humanitaire et de la Protection Civile (ECHO), European Commission Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Ville de Paris, World Bank (WB), World Food Programme (WFP)