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At the heart of emergency and recovery for the victims of the Central African crisis
In 2013, the Central African Republic faced an unprecedented crisis. The conquest of the territory by rebel groups which started in December 2012, led to the capture of Bangui and to the coup d’Etat on March 24, 2013. The year was marked by an increase in atrocities, massacres and disproportionate reprisals between village militia and Seleka on most of the territory, leading to massive displacements of populations. In response to this unprecedented humanitarian crisis, ACTED shifted its programmes and conducted assessments as well as relief and recovery operations in Bangui and throughout the country.
A relief response mechanism to assist humanitarian crisis’ victim
ACTED conducted numerous emergency assessments in the North-West and South-East of the country, as well as in Bangui which led to emergency distributions of non-food items throughout the year, in accordance with the “do no harm” approach. In Bangui, ACTED supported municipal authorities in resuming waste collection activities to avoid a large-scale health crisis in the capital. In Ouango, a township that burned down in April 2013, ACTED developed an integrated programme ranging from agricultural recovery, shelter reconstruction, to community reconciliation and increase of access to water, hygiene and sanitation.
Recovery activities post-coup d’Etat
Following the coup on March 24, 2013 and looting that followed in the immediate weeks, a lull was observed in Bangui. This period enabled allowed forto launch immediate the immediate launching of recovery projects in the capital. These programmes consisted in creating large numbers of jobs for the victims of the crisis, through setting up large-scale sanitation works. These activities aimed also at limiting flood risks during the rainy season. In addition, unconditional cash transfer activities targeted the most vulnerable persons unable to work.
Maintained recovery and resilience projects in Haut Mbomou, spared by the crisis
Thanks to its localisation and the presence of Ugandan soldiers positioned against the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), the Haut Mbomou prefecture in the extreme South-East of the country was spared by the 2013 crisis. There, ACTED conducted recovery programmes to support agricultural production, livestock farming, education and economic recovery in this landlocked zone. At the end of 2013, producers of the zone succeeded in having an agricultural surplus, which will relieve neighbouring areas which suffered from very bad harvests in 2013. However, available data presage an acute food crisis in 2014.
Recovery prospects in 2014 against a background of national reconciliation
Out of a total population of 4.5 million inhabitants, almost 800,000 Central Africans were still internally displaced in February 2014, among whom close to 300,000 persons were in Bangui. 245,000 Central Africans took refuge in neighbouring countries and 31,000 foreign residents were compelled to flee the country under inhuman conditions. In 2014, ACTED will focus on integrated activities in support of the return of displaced persons and refugees, reconstruction of homes and community infrastructure, as well as economic, agricultural and educational recovery. This will require support to social cohesion and intercommunity reconciliation.
Partners in 2013:
Agence d'Exécution des Travaux d'Intérêt Public en Centrafrique (AGETIP-CAF), Banque Mondiale, Direction Générale de l'Aide Humanitaire et de la Protection Civile (ECHO), Ministère de l'Enseignement Primaire, Secondaire et de l'Alphabétisation en Centrafrique (MEPSA), Ministère de l’Equipement, des Travaux Publics et du Désenclavement en Centrafrique, Mission Catholique de Rafaï, Programme Alimentaire Mondial (PAM), Programme des Nations Unies pour le Développement (PNUD), UNICEF