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Ensuring long term development in the midst of continued disaster
In 2012, severe flooding in North Sindh and the escalation of violence in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) resulted in large-scale displacements and destruction of infrastructure. ACTED was quick to set up its emergency relief efforts that focused on the provision of cash injections, food, shelter, and WASH facilities to affected communities. In tandem with this relief, ACTED has continued to strengthen the resilience of target flood-prone and conflict affected communities whilst also engaging the wider population in activities aimed at encouraging long-term socio-economic development through a combination of agro development and vocational training initiatives.
Emergency response to the 2012 monsoon in Sindh and the conflict in FATA
Following the annual monsoon in 2012, severe flooding affected over 1 million people in North Sindh resulting in damage to local infrastructure and livelihoods as well as large scale displacements. ACTED mobilised its emergency response teams in the affected area to ensure the provision of critical food, shelter equipment and non-food items. Similarly, in response to the needs of the 1 million people displaced in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) as a result of the complex emergency in FATA, ACTED has continued to provide much needed shelter, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), agricultural and food security support through a variety of cash modalities aimed at alleviating the impact of displacements in the region. ACTED continues to be one of the few international relief organisations directly implementing its emergency relief activities, mitigating security concerns by using local staff who are familiar with the context and relevant stakeholders.
Integrating Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) into humanitarian and development planning
In an effort to increase the long term resilience of communities affected by natural and manmade disasters, ACTED has successfully integrated DRR elements into both its humanitarian and development activities. Under its humanitarian programme, DRR mainstreaming has focused primarily on the structural resilience of shelters and WASH initiatives whilst also carrying out key mapping and awareness raising exercises in target communities. Within its development programmes, ACTED has also implemented targeted DRR initiatives that focus exclusively on the setup of disaster management committees and the implementation of structural measures to reinforce the security of disaster prone villages. Structural measures facilitated by ACTED during 2012 included the construction of river bank reinforcements and dikes in alluvial areas of northern Pakistan. Given that such projects are largely community implemented, local populations have been encouraged to adopt a pro-active attitude to DRR to mitigate future disasters.
Socio-economic development in the midst of disaster
Though a significant part of ACTED activities come under the remit of humanitarian aid, development initiatives are a still a fundamental part of ACTED’s strategy aimed at contributing to the long-term development of Pakistan. Follow-up initiatives to ACTED’s humanitarian aid have included the implementation of agricultural livelihoods programmes in the north and south of Pakistan. Initiatives have included the establishment of agricultural interest groups and cooperatives as well as the setup of nurseries, kitchen gardens and orchards to stimulate local production and businesses in an effort to contribute to the local economy. Moreover, ACTED’s support in 2012 has gone beyond targeted agricultural initiatives to encompass the setup and strengthening of vocational training institutes which is fast becoming a key sector of intervention in Pakistan. Vocational training is a key part of future efforts to enhance the capacity of the Pakistan work force to contribute to both the private and public sectors. Through this project, ACTED supports communities across a vast area of the country including areas of KP, Sindh and Azad Jammu and Kashmir.
Continuing to enhance resilience and local development to safeguard livelihoods
Following multiple disasters and continued conflict over the past decade, ACTED Pakistan’s programme has had to cope with a balance between a need to respond to large-scale emergencies and contribute to key development initiatives in country. In 2013, ACTED will continue its on-going efforts to strengthen the resilience of target communities through integrated and targeted DRR initiatives to safeguard lives and secure the potential for sustainable long-term development. In tandem with this, the development initiatives during the upcoming year will focus heavily on vocational training, agricultural development, and individual enterprise development. Nevertheless, in keeping with its global mandate, ACTED will ensure that it retains its capacity to respond to future disasters in a timely and coordinated manner, particularly with the support of its partners in the Alliance2015 and PEFSA (Pakistan Emergency Food Security Alliance) consortiums.
Partners in 2012:
Centre d’Etudes et de Coopération Internationale (CECI), The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), UK Department for International Development (DFID), European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department (ECHO), Centre de Crise (CdC), European Aero Defense and Space Company (EADS), Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), World Food Programme (WFP), United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), Save the Children, Concern, Welthungerhilfe (WHH), European Commission's Directorate-General for Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid, International Organization for Migration (IOM), Japanese Embassy in Pakistan, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Humanitarian Response Fund (OCHA-HRF), Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).