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Meeting emergency needs while maintaining a commitment to development
ACTED’s programmes in Pakistan continued to encompass a wide range of needs in 2013. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), ACTED maintained its support to communities affected by the complex emergency and refugees from Afghanistan. In lower and upper Sindh, ACTED assisted communities that struggle with the effects of successive years of flooding as well as severe and widespread under-nutrition. In Balochistan, ACTED supported earthquake affected communities through a local partner organisation. Across the country, including in Azad Jammu Kashmir, ACTED supported long term development needs of vulnerable and marginalised communities. In short, ACTED maintained its engagement as a broad-based actor within both the humanitarian and development sectors in Pakistan.
Remaining responsive to the needs of displaced and returning populations in KP and FATA
2013 saw the continuation of the complex emergency across KP and FATA with a displacement of more than 170,000 families originating from Khyber, Kurram and Waziristan Agencies. During the year, around 50,000 families returned to their areas of origin. ACTED’s interventions for IDPs and returnees addressed basic and immediate needs while also supporting rehabilitation of infrastructure and skills development for longer term recovery. ACTED provided non-food items, hygiene and nutrition awareness raising as well as short term livelihoods programmes that enabled dignified access to food, shelter and other basic needs.
Emergency recovery, nutrition and resilience assistance through broad-based programming in Sindh
Communities in Sindh have suffered from repeated years of flooding since 2010 affecting over 12 million people. In addition, Sindh remains an area with high under nutrition rates, including chronic malnutrition, acute malnutrition and micro-nutrient deficiencies. A staggering 72% of the population suffer from at least one of these diseases with the underlying causes including access and utilisation of food, use of unclean water, and poor sanitation and hygiene practices. In 2013, ACTED supported nutrition-sensitive disaster recovery and resilience through integrated programming. Initiatives included income generation; nutrition and hygiene awareness raising; shelter construction; water and sanitation infrastructure repair; and livelihood restoration.
Transitioning programmes into long term development
In the midst of the humanitarian needs, opportunities to support development in Pakistan persist. Over the year, ACTED supported various development oriented initiatives including structural support to the vocational training and education sector, equitable access to and governance of water and sanitation services and strengthening of community resilience. Across all development programming, ACTED takes a multi-tiered approach. This involves engaging with individuals, communities, local authorities and policy makers in order to bring about holistic and sustainable economic, social and environmental impacts.
Structuring a varied response through a four-pillar programme
Following extensive consultations in country, ACTED Pakistan is finalising a four-pillar country strategy for 2014 onwards. Pillar 1 will see a continuation of ‘humanitarian assistance’ to meet emerging needs in Pakistan. Activities under Pillar 2 will result in ‘income generation and sustainable livelihoods’ including marketoriented vocational trainings, basic skills development, as well as on and off-farm livelihood assistance. Pillar 3 encompasses ‘social cohesion and access to basic services’ and will involve ACTED ensuring equitable access to services and governance structures particularly for women and minorities. Pillar 4 aims to support ‘environmental protection and community resilience’ and will include measures to mitigate climate change, environmental degradation and disasters.
Partners in 2013
Concern Worldwide, Concern Rapid Fund (CRF), Development Alternatives, Inc (DAI), DfID, EuropeAid, European Commission Humanitarian Aid & Civil Protection (ECHO), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (FAO), International Organization for Migration (IOM), Japanese Embassy, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Vergnet Hydro, Welhungerhilfe (WHH), World Food Programme (WFP)
ACTED has been present in Pakistan since 1993, when it registered its first office in Peshawar. Since then, ACTED has become a leading relief and development aid provider in Pakistan, implementing a wide range of programmes focusing on: 1) disaster preparedness & emergency response; 2) shelter; 3) infrastructure rehabilitation & construction; 4) sustainable energy development, 5) livelihoods support, 6) agriculture development; 7) education & vocational training; 8) water, sanitation & hygiene. In addition, ACTED has been providing monitoring & evaluation and information management services to a wide range of stakeholders in Pakistan – in particular PDMA, ERRA and PMD - to contribute to improving humanitarian coordination and effectiveness.
Read the full report on ACTED's 10 years of activities in Pakistan here: