In 2014, ACTED’s programming in Kenya was comprised of disaster preparedness and resilience building, alongside emergency relief and rehabilitation activities. Through community driven approaches, communities have been supported to develop contingency plans, and the capacities of relevant government authorities in early warning systems have been enhanced. Community-level capacity to prepare for and mitigate against the impacts of shock events such as drought therefore, has been strengthened. ACTED has also implemented five small scale emergency interventions ranging from food assistance to WASH support in Mandera and Baringo counties. These involved food voucher distribution, rehabilitation of boreholes, and the distribution of hygiene kits to vulnerable households.
Strengthening resilience and disaster preparedness through community-driven approaches
In 2014, ACTED worked on community managed Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), in order to improve communities’ capacity to prepare for and mitigate against the impacts of disasters such as drought. ACTED has set up and supported a number of community selected committees, representative of women, youth and elders, to be responsible for undertaking community-level DRR. These community disaster management committees ,committees have been supported with livelihood opportunities, as well as in compiling Community Disaster Management Plans . Plans. Additionally, ACTED has provided these groups with the opportunities to collaborate with the district national drought management authority andauthority and local authorities, to improve early warning and early action systems.
Emergency food assistance to vulnerable populations in arid and semi-arid lands of Northern Kenya
In 2014, ACTED implemented short term emergency food voucher distribution projects in Mandera and Baringo counties, providing food assistance to vulnerable internally displaced households internally displaced following the recent inter-communal violence in Mandera and the deteriorating drought conditions in Baringo. These food voucher distributions have allowed the most affected and vulnerable households to access the food provisions needed to cover the household’s households’ basic monthly needs. Additionally, the vouchers have stimulated the local economy and supported local traders to resume trade. These emergency interventions targeted communities in which ACTED is implementing ongoing resilience building and development activities, in order to bridge the gap between emergency and development programming.
Emergency WASH support by providing sustainable clean water through during drought times periods
In 2014, ACTED provided emergency WASH initiatives to communities in Mandera and Baringo counties. Following inter-communal conflict in Mandera in March 2014, ACTED distributed NFI/WASH kits to 1,000 newly displaced households in Rhamu, in order to provide the most vulnerable with the means to collect water and construct a basic shelter. ACTED has also rehabilitated boreholes in both Mandera and East Pokot, Baringo County, to enhance sustainable access to clean water for the most vulnerable households.
Strengthening resilience and development in arid and semi-arid lands of Northern Kenya
In 2015, ACTED intended to foster programming in Kenya which emphasizes resilience building and livelihood interventions. The completion of a Livestock Market Assessment in Turkana County, in partnership with the Kenya Markets Trust inTrust in 2014, was used as a strong experience base from which to diagnose and address the challenges related to livestock and agricultural livelihoods faced by vulnerable communities in particular. Improvements in market systems can help to foster resilience through ensuring long-term, sustainable solutions that put the poorest households at the center of the market system.