Providing relief, rehabilitation and development programming for refugees and host communities
In light of the arrival of over 630,000 Syrian refugees in Jordan from the start of the crisis in 2011 up to 2015, ACTED continued to respond to the lifesaving humanitarian needs of the refugees in the camps and host communities, including water, sanitation, food, and shelter. Furthermore, to mitigate the increased pressure on Jordanian public institutions, especially education and health care systems, ACTED worked on rehabilitating infrastructure, providing social support and engaging with civil society and government actors. As a joint initiative with ACTED, REACH continued to implement assessments with robust statistical sampling and tool design, data analysis, and provide visualisation techniques.
Meeting refugees’ water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and food security needs
After six years into the crisis, around 1.4 million Syrian refugees reside in Jordan, and the majority continue to rely on lifesaving assistance. In response to the immediate humanitarian needs of Syrian refugees, ACTED up-scaled its WASH response to meet the needs of 100,703 refugees in Za’atari, Azraq, King Abdullah Park and Cyber City camps. Furthermore, ACTED has been the primary provider of food aid in the Azraq camp, including bread and dry foods, special welcome packages to the most vulnerable refugees who arrive from Syria, special foods for young children, and food vouchers so refugees can prioritise their own needs and diversify their food baskets.
Improving community water and wastewater infrastructure
The high influx of Syrian refugees into host communities in north Jordan increased pressure on services, namely water and wastewater infrastructure. Local authorities lack the financial resources and/or technical capacities to ensure adequate expansion and/or maintenance of the infrastructure to meet increased needs. Therefore, ACTED conducted rehabilitation activities to improve the functionality, efficiency, and capacity of water supply and wastewater infrastructure works which benefited around 658,000 Jordanians and Syrian refugees in host communities.
Enhancing food security and nutrition for the most vulnerable
Since the start of the Syrian crisis, increased demand for goods and services has affected the cost of food, housings and utilities. In Jordan, ACTED implemented homestead and community-based food production projects to address barriers to the access and availability of nutritious food for vulnerable Jordanians and Syrian refugees. Jordanian households benefited from the creation of a potential income-generating opportunity, while Syrian refugees have enhanced capacity to supplement their external food assistance with produce grown at the households. ACTED targeted community-based organisations (CBOs) at the community level to enable households that do not have access to land or resources required for gardening to benefit from home food production.
Linking relief and development for improved resilience of communities
In 2016, ACTED aims to link its relief programming to a resilience and development platform through engaging with the government, civil society and other key stakeholders. ACTED will continue to respond to lifesaving humanitarian needs to vulnerable Jordanians and Syrians in both camps and host communities. Additionally, ACTED will work on enhancing local economic empowerment and development, improving access to sustainable livelihood opportunities, service delivery and, water, sanitation and hygiene. With a specific focus on vulnerable women, ACTED will enhance agricultural development by conducting capacity building programming to women in host communities and community-based organisations.
Linking development programming with humanitarian response
In 2015, while continuing to respond to refugee needs, ACTED increasingly focused on helping local communities cope with the impact of hosting large numbers of Syrians, as it has done since 2013. ACTED bolstered the resilience of households, communities and local authorities, tackling the causes of economic, social, and institutional issues curtailing local development. In parallel, REACH continued supporting the development of humanitarian interventions through countrywide multi-sector assessments. Finally, ACTED built a water network in Za’atari refugee camp in order to improve sustainability and to respond to the specific needs of the camp. This considerably reduced the cost of water distribution and allow greater control over the quality of the water as well as quantity of water distributed.
Partners in 2015 :
Department for International Development (DFID) - United Kingdom, European Commission Humanitarian Aid & Civil Protection (ECHO), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Handicap International (HI), Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), World Bank, World Food Programme (WFP)