Most of the IDP settlements are built with ragged clothes, plastic sheets, and locally available materials. The shelters are in poor condition, many are unsafe for their occupants as they show signs of vulnerability to heavy rains and strong winds. The sites are dark at night, and few lighting options are available. The limited lighting means that the protection of IDPs is a daunting task. Once it gets dark, they stare at the risk of theft, with women being vulnerable victims of sexual abuse.
As for the residents of the sites, the majority are pastoralists who have been pushed to the cities after losing their livestock and livelihoods to extreme drought. Inside the camps, they are now struggling to adapt to the non-pastoralist way of life and to make a living.
To enhance the safety of IDP camps and facilitate the displaced population’s movement at night, ACTED and the community committees selected the sites that were most in need of lighting and installed solar streetlights.
Hamza* is 62 years old and a father of 11 children. With his family, he lives in Yamayska IDP site, one of the locations selected for the installation of solar-powered streetlights.
Before this facility was installed, there was no lightning in place and it was difficult for the population to move within the camp or to go outside their houses at night.
It was risky for women to leave the houses after 6 p.m., even when it was necessary, unless they were escorted by men
The solar-powered streetlights cover most of the site’s lighting needs, allowing families to live safely and to access areas they could not go at night.
*The name has been changed to protect the identity of the beneficiary.
As part of its initiative to monitor service coverage and protection risks within IDP settlements, ACTED continuously collects available information at the site level, including service provision and population data, to identify gaps and duplication in the response. This allows ACTED to highlight site-level needs and advocate for sector-specific interventions in sites where support is greatly needed.