Addressing critical needs in post-war South Sudan
Since the aftermath of the South Sudanese conflict that erupted in December 2013, ACTED has been contributing to the delivery of humanitarian services to 1.7 million displaced persons, 270,767 refugees, and 5.1 million people in need. Taking into account its technical expertise, in 2015 ACTED continued to provide camp management services in 2 Protection of Civilian (POC) Sites, 1 informal settlement and 2 refugee camps, while contributing to Camp Coordination as co-lead of the Camp Coordination and Camp Management cluster. Furthermore, ACTED expanded the provision of water and sanitation services to the refugee population of Doro, Kaya and Gendrassa camp and improved sanitation practices in rural areas such as Akobo county. Acknowledging the importance of engaging in early recovery to transition towards sustainable solutions, ACTED supported communities in improving their livelihoods through the promotion of income generating activities, community saving groups, and Agro Pastoralist Field schools in Greater Bahr al Ghazal, Greater Upper Nile and Lakes.
Improving effective delivery of services in displacement sites
As camp manager, ACTED coordinated the delivery of services to internally displaced people and refugees in Maban, Awerial, Bor and Juba Counties benefiting a total of over 140,000 refugees and 110,000 internally displaced persons. Within the scope of camp management interventions, ACTED’s team in South Sudan undertook a multi-sectoral approach to establish and empower internal governance structures, ensure access to water and hygienic facilities, facilitate peace between host and displaced communities, and increase the protection of people with special needs. Furthermore, a high emphasis was put in establishing accountability and feedback system at the various displacement sites to improve the delivery of services.
Ensuring access to safe water and a sanitary and hygienic living environment
In 2015, ACTED prioritized the provision of water and sanitation services to people at risk of disease outbreak as well as displaced populations with limited access to water and sanitation facilities. ACTED managed the provision of water supply to Doro, Gendrassa and Kaya refugee camps, while supporting refugees in the construction of household latrines. Hygienic campaigns were carried out in Juba POC, Akobo and refugee camps to reduce the regular impact of cholera outbreaks during the rainy season. Furthermore, waste management systems were put in place for Kaya and Gendrassa camps, while Mingkaman municipality was supported in the developing of an integrated waste management system.
Improving food security and ensuring access to livelihoods
ACTED’s interventions focused on first addressing the dire food security needs of displaced populations through emergency food distributions within internally displaced and refugee camps, while also working to improve the resilience of vulnerable people across the country through seed and tool distributions and the offer of food for the construction of community assets. Through this approach, in 2015 ACTED aimed to both address food insecurity in displaced populations while building population resilience in the transition towards early recovery, managing to reach over 150,000 beneficiaries.
Transitioning into early recovery
As the country slowly recovers from the havoc wrought from decades of conflict, ACTED’s programming for 2016 will focus on building resilience and improving living conditions of the country’s poor and displaced populations. Moving forward, ACTED’s camp management team will work closely with the populations of each of these camps to devise and execute comprehensive plans for the return or integration of displaced populations. Secondly, ACTED will aim to increase the living standards and ensure the livelihoods of the South Sudanese population, via increasing access to income generating activities and sustainable incomes, tackling the underlying drivers of food insecurity and poverty.
Maban County refugee response
In many parts of South Sudan, during the wet season, grass growth is rapid, creating extra feed for livestock herds, while in the dry season agro pastoralists draw upon on long-distance movements in search of grazing resources. Insecurity and conflict have affected those coping strategies forcing communities to seek for other solutions. With the support of ACTED, four agro-pastoral field schools tested – and widely adopted – innovative livestock feed preservation techniques. Grass was collected and packed during the wet season, when it is still tender and high in nutritional values, allowing beneficiaries to feed animals during the dry season.
ACTED South Sudan publications:
Duk County Needs Assessment
Duk County in western Jonglei State, South Sudan is one of the hardest to reach areas of the country, because of poor road conditions and insecurity due to cattle raiding and its proximity to active fighting. While shelter, food security, sanitation, and water needs are great, humanitarian actors have a limited presence in South Sudan. South Sudan’s Relief and Rehabilitation Commission reported that 39,000 people were internally displaced within the county, while Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) statistics predict that populations are found in crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity. In March 2015, a team of 15 ACTED South Sudan Food Security and Livelihoods, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, Camp Coordination and Camp Management, Infrastructure, and Appraisal, Monitoring, and Evaluation experts conducted a rapid needs assessment in Poktap Boma, Ageer Payam and Ayueldit Boma, Padiet Payam of Duk, County Jonglei State. The assessment was designed to assess the impact of South Sudan’s ongoing conflict on both host and displaced communities in order to determine social, economic, and material needs and to design programming that will build populations’ resilience to conflict and flooding and improve their livelihoods.
Partners in 2015
Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (BPRM), Concern Worldwide (CWW), European Commission Humanitarian Aid & Civil Protection (ECHO), French Embassy in South Sudan, Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GiZ), International Organization for Migration (IOM), KfW, Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP)