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Promoting disaster resilience and child protection
In 2012, ACTED opened a new geographic intervention area in Eastern Indonesia where development indicators are low and disaster risk is high. ACTED began a two-year Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction programme to build local capacity to prepare for, respond to, and mitigate disasters including flooding, tidal surges, tropical storms, and earthquakes. In addition, ACTED continued to focus on vulnerable children in Western Indonesia where the humanitarian focus has shifted from recovery to development.
Preparing for and mitigating disasters in Eastern Indonesia
ACTED opened operations for the first time in Eastern Indonesia in 2012 on the basis of successful disaster risk reduction programming completed in Nias and elsewhere in the region. Late in the year a Community-Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) project was launched in a remote area of Western Timor Island in East Nusa Tenggara Province, in partnership with local Indonesian voluntary association CIS Timor. The two sub-districts targeted by the action are in the watershed of the Benain River, one of Indonesia’s largest, which is subject to heavy and unpredictable annual flooding and which lies in a coastal area also affected by storms and tidal surges. ACTED’s project is working with communities and local authorities to establish village disaster management committees, to prepare and respond at local level to hydro-meteorological disasters. The project also seeks to improve communication and dissemination of local early warning information through community radio and to integrate natural resource management into risk assessment and risk reduction planning.
Ensuring protection for vulnerable children in rural areas
ACTED continued to combat child labour in Nias Island, North Sumatra, which was devastated by an earthquake in 2005, shortly after the Indian Ocean tsunami struck the same area a few months before. ACTED’s continuous presence on the island since the emergency response to these events has resulted in a strong relationship with communities and local authorities. The current program, implemented in partnership with Pusat Kajian Perlindungan Anak (PKPA), is in line with ACTED’s mission to link emergency and early recovery to development, in this case combating the worst forms of child labour in a rural context. The intervention is a multi-stakeholder effort involving local government authorities, grassroots communities, and local businesses to promote public awareness of the negative impacts of child labour and to draft local legislation that is in line with Indonesian national standards and international conventions on the rights of children with regard to employment. In 2012, district-level action committees were established and trainings were held in business ethics and on the legal framework related to child labour. PKPA also conducted community awareness campaigns and began reintegrating some of the 150 children currently involved in the worst forms of child labour into life skills and vocational training programs.
Building capacity of local actors to strengthen disaster preparation and to pave the way for development
In 2013, ACTED will continue to work with local Indonesian partners to design needs-based interventions that address relevant issues and incorporate the technical expertise of those organisations in areas such as emergency preparedness, disaster risk reduction, child protection, and media ethics. International-local partnerships provide an opportunity for capacity-building, which ACTED will begin delivering to its local partners through the Grassroots Organizational Capacity Assessment and training tools in 2013. Although no major disasters occurred in Indonesia in 2012, disaster risk reduction and emergency response remain a primary strategic focus of the ACTED Indonesia mission given their relevancy in the Indonesian context.
Partners in 2013:
European Commission's Directorate-General for Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid, Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)